Space Watch’s First Catch

Black Knight Passing Jupiter
Monday, Mar. 07, 1960
Time Magazine
Three weeks ago, headlines announced that the U.S. had detected a mysterious “dark” satellite wheeling overhead on a regular orbit. There was nervous speculation that it might be a surveillance satellite launched by the Russians, and it brought the uneasy sensation that the U.S. did not know what was going on over its own head. But last week the Department of Defense proudly announced that the satellite had been identified. It was a space derelict, the remains of an Air Force Discoverer satellite that had gone astray. The dark satellite was the first object to demonstrate the effectiveness of the U.S.’s new watch on space. And the three-week time lag in identification was proof that the system still lacks full coordination and that some bugs still have to be ironed out.

First Sighting. The most important component of the space watch went into operation about six months ago with the construction of “Dark Fence,” a kind of radar trip wire stretching across the width of the U.S. Designed by the Naval Research Laboratory to keep track of satellites whose radios are silent, it is a notable improvement on other radars, which have difficulty finding a small satellite unless they know where to look. Big, 50-kw. transmitters were established at Gila River, near Phoenix, Ariz, and Jordan Lake, Ala., spraying radio waves upward in the shape of open fans. Some 250 miles on either side, receiving stations pick up signals that bounce off any object passing through the fans. By a kind of triangulation, the operators can make rough estimates of the object’s speed, distance and course.

On Jan. 31 Dark Fence detected two passes of what seemed to be an unknown space object. After detecting several passes during the following days, Captain W. E. Berg, commanding officer of Dark Fence, decided that something was circling overhead on a roughly polar orbit. He raced to the Pentagon and in person reported the menacing stranger to Chief of Naval Operations Arleigh Burke. Within minutes the news was communicated to President Eisenhower and marked top secret.

In the confusion, there was a delay before anyone took the step necessary to positively identify the strange satellite: informing the Air Force’s newly established surveillance center in Bedford, Mass. It is the surveillance center’s job to take all observations on satellites from all friendly observing centers, both optical and electronic, feed them into computers to produce figures that will identify each satellite, describe its orbit and predict its behavior. Says one top official, explaining the cold facts of the space age: “The only way of knowing that a new satellite has appeared is by keeping track of the old ones.”

It took two weeks for Dark Fence’s scientists to check back through their taped observations, and to discover that the mysterious satellite had first showed up on Aug. 15. The Air Force surveillance center also checked its records to provide a list of everything else that was circling in the sky, and its computers worked out a detailed description of the new object’s behavior. The evidence from both Air Force and Navy pointed to Discoverer V, fired from Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif, on Aug. 13.

SOURCE: Time Magazine

Arthur C. Clark Author of “Rendevous with Rama
The Black Knight Satellite
by John Emerson

The black knight satellite. I’m not really sure what to make of this story. I’ve only seen the most sporadic mention of this thing on the occasional website. But man, as a long time fan of Philip K. Dick, the first time I heard about it my eyes sure went wide. Regardless of the truth of the situation, it’s one hell of a tale.

The most cited report of the satellite comes from Disneyland of the Gods, by John Keel. He reports that in February 1960 the US detected an unknown object in polar orbit, a feat that neither they or the USSR had been able to accomplish. As if that wasn’t enough, it apparently was several sizes larger than anything either country would have been able to get off the ground.

And then, the oddness began. HAM operators began to receive strange coded messages. One person in particular said he managed to decode one of the transmissions, and it corresponded to a star chart. A star chart which would have been plotted from earth 13,000 years ago, and focused on the Epsilon Bostes star system.

On September 3, 1960, seven months after the satellite was first detected by radar, a tracking camera at Grumman Aircraft Corporation’s Long Island factory took a photograph of it. People on the ground had been occasionally seeing it for about two weeks at that point. Viewers would make it out as a red glowing object moving in an east-to-west orbit. Most satellites of the time, according to what little material I’ve been able to find on the black knight satellite, moved from west-to-east. It’s speed was also about three times normal. A committee was formed to examine it, but nothing more was ever made public.

Three years later, Gordon Cooper was launched into space for a 22 orbit mission. On his final orbit, he reported seeing a glowing green shape ahead of his capsule, and heading in his direction. It’s said that the Muchea tracking station, in Australia, which Cooper reported this too was also able to pick it up on radar traveling in an east-to-west orbit. This event was reported by NBC, but reporters were forbidden to ask Cooper about the event on his landing. The official explanation is that an electrical malfunction in the capsule had caused high levels of carbon dioxide, which induced hallucinations.

Creepy, cool, story to be sure. There’s two things in particular which are of particular note to Philip K. Dick. The most obvious is the idea of a satellite orbiting the earth and sending coded communications to it. One of the theories Dick had for his experiences was that they had been triggered, or enhanced, by an extremely ancient and alien satellite. The initial 2-3-74 experience also began with a very similar color to the first sighting of the black knight, a reddish pinkish light beamed directly at him.

Phil also mentioned in his exegesis that he considered ten of his novels to be of particular importance, with the novel valis as the cipher to unlock their meaning. These ten books, the “meta novel”, are Eye in the Sky, Time Out of Joint, The Man in the High Castle, The Game Players of Titan, Martian Time Slip, The Three Stigmata of Palmer Eldritch, UBIK, A Maze of Death and of course VALIS. I think it’s fair to include Radio Free Albemuth in there as well, which was written after his meta novel statement, and which is in many ways a retelling of VALIS. What’s interesting here is that he wrote the first, Eye in the Sky, so soon before the black knight sighting. About three or four years before it was detected by radar. Well, if in fact it was ever there to be detected.

Relevant quotes from valis:

“The satellite,” Fat said. “VALIS. Vast Active Living Intel-ligence System. It fires information down to them?”
“It does more than that,” Kevin said. “Under certain circumstances it controls them. It can override them when it wants to.”
“And they’re trying to shoot it down?” I said. “With that missile?”
Kevin said, “The early Christians-the real ones-can make you do anything they want you to do. And see-or not see -anything. That’s what I get out of the picture.”
“But they’re dead,” I said. “The picture was set in the present.”
“They’re dead,” Kevin said, “if you believe time is real. Didn’t you see the time dysfunctions?”

Relevant quotes from Radio Free Albemuth:

Since my contact came in most strangely between 3:00 and 4:00 A.M., I realized that probably a booster satellite, of alien origin, orbited Earth, a slave communications satellite that had been sent here thousands of years ago.
‘What are you doing sitting out on the patio?’ Rachel asked me.
‘Listening,’ I said.
‘To what?’
To the voices of the stars,’ I said, although more accurately I meant the voices from the stars. But it was as if the stars themselves spoke, as I sat there in the chilly dark, alone except for my cat, who was out there out of custom anyhow; each night Pinky sat on the railing of the patio, communing as I was but over a longer period of time, over his entire adult life. Seeing him now I understood that he was picking up information in the night, from the night, from the pattern of blinks that came by starlight. He was hooked up with the universe as he sat here now, like myself, gazing upward silently.

The new personality in me had not awakened from a sleep of two millennia; it had, more accurately speaking, been printed out by the alien satellite, impressed on me afresh from outside. It was an addition, not a substitution in place of me but a kind of package identity based on the total knowledge of the satellite. It was to raise me to the highest level possible in my ability to cope. The satellite, itself linked to higher life forms, was concerned with my capacity to live; it or they, the totality of them, had seen me faltering under the oppression, and their response was reflexive. It amounted to a rational attempt to give aid to whoever was in touch with them, who was capable of assimilating their printout. I had been selected for that reason alone. Their concern was universal. They would have assisted anyone they could reach.
The tragedy lay in their inability to reach the people of our planet.

One odd point that Moyashka had noted which he could not account for was the fact that the radio signals came only when the source was above Earth’s dark or night side; during the day the signals ceased. Moyashka conjectured that the so-called Heaviside layer might be involved.
The signals, although short in duration, seemed ‘highly information rich’ because of their sophistication and complexity. Curiously, the frequency changed periodically, a phenomenon found in transmissions seeking to avoid jamming, Moyashka stated. Further, his team had discovered, entirely by accident, that animals in their Pul-kovo laboratory underwent slight but regular physical changes during the time of signal transmission. Their blood volume altered and their blood pressure readings increased. Provisionally, Moyashka conjectured that radiation accompanying the radio signals might account for it.
[Ed. Note here the, perhaps slight, similarity in the name of the fictional scientist who discovered the satellite, Moyashka, and the Australian Muchea tracking station which picked up Cooper’s sighting.]

If the Russians did photograph the ETI satellite, the invader, they would find it old and pitted. I had been there thousands of years.

The satellite had passed from our world and, with it, the healing rays, like those of an invisible sun, felt by creatures but unseen and unacknowledged. The sun with healing in its wings.

Even if the stations in this local region or sector are all overshadowed and don’t light up any longer, it is a sight to remember. With this the satellite presented us with its final insight into the nature of things: synapses in a living brain. And the name we give to its functioning, its awareness of itself and its many parts – ‘ She smiled at me. ‘It’s why you saw the figure of Aphrodite. That’s what holds all the trillions of stations into harmony.’
‘Yes,’ I said, ‘it was harmonized, and over such distances. There was no coercion, only agreement.’
And the coordination of all the transmitting and receiving stations, I thought, we call Valis: Vast Active Living Intelligence System. Our friend who cannot die, who lies on this side of the grave and on the other. His love, I thought, is greater than empires. And unending.

SOURCE: Phildickian Gnosticism

Credit: Tikulin “Rendezvous With Rama”
Originally posted by Esoterica a member of ATS Post ID 292902
Thread – http://www.abovetopsecret.com/forum/thread292902/pg1

I was in a bookstore and was just flipping through a bargain book of weird happenings. One entry, only a couple of paragraphs long, caught my interest because I had never heard of it before.

The basic blurb was that in 1957, an unknown satellite was detected shadowing the Sputnik I craft. It was in a polar orbit, something that neither the Americans or Soviets were capable of at the time. There was a statement that ham radio operaters pickd up radio transmissions that were “decoded” (whatever that means) as being a star map that indicated the craft originated from Epsilon Bootes 13,000 years before. This object was dubbed “The Black Knight.”

Also in this blurb, there was mention that science fiction author Philip K. Dick believed that he was in contact with this object, which he wrote several novels about, and gave it various names (VALIS, Zebra).

So obviously intrigued, I did some searching on ATS and found no mention of it. Google had a few returns which indicated this story was first written about in John Keel’s “Disneyland of the Gods.” The effort is hampered because there are several legit satellite projects codenamed “Black Knight.”

The information of Dick’s experiences and writings indicated he received visions, and seemed to interperet the experience and object in somewhat Christian religious terms, in addition to strange communications and diagrams he couldn’t interperet. He eventually became paranoid Russian scientists were attempting to control the satellite. A science fiction writer infamous for his heavy drug use eventually living out a sci-fi story… seems to me just as likely that it was just his lifestyle catching up to him than any ET communication. But who knows.

In my searching, I also discovered a very close story from 1927, 30 years earlier. It involves the phenomena of Long Delayed Echoes. Essentially, these are radio transmissions that are reflected back, apparently from space, seconds to minutes after they are first sent. There doesn’t seem to be any rhyme or reason to it. It could be atmospheric effects just making it appear as if the transmissions are coming from space, or it could ben an alien craft attempting to communicate with us. Logically, it would send back transmissions it recieved from Earth because it could be almost positive that we could receive it. Anyway, the story is that Norwegian scientists received strange radio “echoes” in 1927-28. In the 1970’s Scottish astronomer Duncan Lunan interpereted the delayed transmission as a star map… of Epsilon Bootis. Whether these are two instances of the same stragne transmissions, or one story is a retelling of the other is unknown to me. It wouldn’t be the first time the same ideas were repackaged and attempted to be passed off as a “new” anomalous story.

Anyway, I made this thread just to get the story out there, and to ask if anybody has any additional information regarding it. Below are links to everything pertinent I could find on the internet, and most are just retellings of the same story in different forms.

The Black Knight from Space – Inspiration for the title and a good overview.
Mystery of the Alien Satellite – The 1927 story.
Alien Artifacts in the Solar System – Article detaling several strange incidents, including the one above. Also discusses theoretical Bracewell Probes.
ASTRA and SETI – Introduction by Duncan Lunan, as far as I can tell originator of the Epsilon Bootis inteperetation.
ET Radio Signals – More info on the 1927-28 events.
Phildickian Gnosticism – Overview of Philip K. Dick’s involvement in the affair.
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The Black Knight from Space – By Paul Rydeen
Originally posted by Esoterica a member of ATS Post ID 3363888
Wow, front page. Didn’t expect so much interest

Anyway, I spent some more time researching. The first polar orbiting satellite was launched in 1960. The Black Knight story (apparently from Keel) states the polar orbit in 1957 was impossible. It is possible that there may have been a test of a polar orbiting satellite in 1957 coinciding with the Sputnik launch, but it may have met catastrophic failure and swept under the rug after the success of Sputnik. But I don’t think there ever was a Black Knight.

The first article I linked to stated polar orbits were impossible in 1960, which is flat out wrong, as I’ve discovered. Also, Keel’s book mentioning the subejct was apparently first published in 1988, long after Dick had died and Lunan had released his analysis of the 1920’s event. Ample time for Keel to purposely or accidentally merge many stories together.

Honestly, I believe the Black Knight event to simply be a retelling of three separate events. One, is the LDE event from 1927-28, interperetted in 1970 by Duncan Lunan. The second was the large object detected in polar orbit in 1960. The third was Dick’s experiences. By 1988, these had merged into a single story, with Sputnik as a backdrop to give an added degree of mystery because at that time, polar orbits were “impossible.” After all, it’s our first object placed into orbit, [i]of course[/i] the mysterious alien probe will be interested in it. It’s a great story.

But, just because I believe the Black Knight story to be a synthesis of different events doesn’t mean there’s nothing to those events. The LDE from 1927-28 I find interesting, as the supposed massive object detected by NORAD in 1960. Dick’s story is a little to odd for me to touch at this point, and it’s hard to palce it into a timeline when one fo his main points end sup being that time is an illusion. I’ll do a little more reading tomorrow, but it’s late. If anyone has any information they know of (or something to discredit my confabulation theory), please feel free to add it. It’ll probably be appropriate to modify the OP as well, I’ll get to that later.

As an aside, a “Black Knight” is a term for a knight which either has no allegiance or wished to hide it, covering his colors and symbols. It would be a good name for a mysterious alien satellite.

Related Posts for Further Research:
Fast Walker:
There is a case commonly known as “Fast Walker” where an American DSP satellite picked up an object that passed within 15km of its orbit on a trajectory that came from outside earth orbit and, instead of succumbing to gravity, sent it right back out again, all at approximately 22,000mph. SOURCE
Epsilon Bootes Star Chart Signal:
An even more bewildering twist to the saga was soon to be revealed! Studies made by the president for the Association in Scotland for Technology and Research in Astronautics, revealed that the signals could be broken down and decrypted in a manner that seemed to show the outline of a star chart. When this outline was converted onto a detailed map of the sky the bewildered researcher found to his amazement that it corresponded to a region in the constellation of Bootes! The evidence seemed to focus on the star Epsilon Bootes, and a delighted Professor Bracewell of Stanford University is on record as claiming: ” The maps produced…. can be adduced as a possibility of communication with another intelligence!”Bracewell also went on to add that such a satellite camped in orbit around our world would want to communicate with us in a pictorial method of digital origin! In this way the decrypted picture – like the star map – could furnish important information in the universal language of science – numerical evidence! – SOURCE: Star Chart
Duncan Lunan:
Duncan Lunan Biography: (born 1945 in Edinburgh) is a Scottish astronomer and science writer.
Space Probe from Epsilon Boötes:
What if we succeeded in 2 way communication with an intelligence outside our planet, and no one noticed? What if THEY heard our call and responded but we just couldn’t grasp their language?That’s exactly what happened as early as 1928 in Eindhoven Holland and again in 1929 aboard a French research vessel in the South China Sea. After transmitting over the radio waves 3 sounds in rapid succession every 30 seconds, Van der Pol in Eindhoven examined the return echoes. They were not as neatly spaced as he had sent. In fact they were highly irregular, ranging from 1 to 30 seconds in delay time. – SOURCE: Anomalies Network
Mystery of the Alien Satellite By Angus Sutherland. Did we pick up the signals from an artificial satellite sent to our planet by an extraterrestrial intelligence? In December 1927, Carl Stoermer, the Norwegian Professor of Mathematics at University in Olso, and explorer of echo radio was contacted by two American scientists, Leo C. Young, radio engineer and Dr. A. Hoyt Taylor, chief consultant of electronics at the naval research laboratory. During their experiments with radio waves, Young and Taylor observed unnatural signals coming from space…”March 13, 2007 SOURCE: UFO Area
The Automatic Drawings and Writings from the Probe Epsilon Bootes
Valis by Philip K. Dick
Valis:This is true of Philip K. Dick’s magnum opus, Valis. Truth, whether found in the oh-so sincere smile of the preacher, or the words of a “simple” science fiction novel, is truth. Of course, in the case of Valis, it is an half-deranged, garbled truth… In this case the Big Lie (or is it Truth?) is the central event of the novel – the pink beam of light… If what PKD was aiming for was to distill his experience with that pink beam of light, his theophany, his conversation with God, into book form, he may have come as close as humanly possible.
The reason I tie Philip K. Dick’s experience with pre-Sputnik satellites is that his experience has some very close similarities with other accounts of people getting hit by beams coming from the sky that grant them some kind of special knowledge. Of course, there’s good old Paul (aka Saul) from the Bible. But I also seem to recall anecdotes about Einstein and Wolfgang Pauli also getting the “pink beam of light from the sky hitting them in the forehead” treatment, which later resulted in them coming up with some awesome theory or another.
Philip K. Dick Biography – official Site
Philip Kindred Dick: (December 16, 1928 – March 2, 1982) – Wikipedia
Related Material:
A Search for Natural or Artificial Objects Located at the Earth-Moon Libration Points
Signals from the Stars: Strange cries and voices:
The dawning of the space age brought with it more strange phenomena. On May 16 1963, in his Mercury capsule above Hawaii, astronaut Gordon Cooper was talking to mission control on a special frequency channel when extraneous voices broke in. Later examined on tape, these were found to correspond to no language known on earth. The phenomenon was repeated on the Apollo Vlll Borman – Lovell – Anders mission on December 21st, when UFOs were seen in the lunar orbit and more voices broke into the communications channel with mission control.
This, not unnaturally, caused some consternation back on Earth. The frequency channel they were using is such that it is virtually impossible for any amateur operator to intrude. Controllers were left with a problem they could not explain, but at the same time could hardly ignore – the security risk was too great.
But as far back as 1927, two Americans, Taylor and Young, had taken such phenomena seriously enough to try to locate the source of the radio signals. They had identified an echo-periodicity of 0.01 seconds originating from a distance of between 1800 and 6250 miles (2900 and 10, 000 Km), and were comparing their observations with those of Marconi. By December 1928, a number of scientists were interested – Jurgen Hals of Phillips Einddhoven laboratories in Holland had discussed his findings with Professor Carl Stormer of Oslo, mentioning three-second delays he had experienced with an experimental radio transmitter. After another year, on October 28 1929, Dr Van der Pol, also of Phillips, confirmed that he had noted further odd echoes from a planned emission of impulses at the same time every morning. It was van der Pol’s analysis of the delay between emissions and the reciept of their echoes, always on the same wavelength, that effectively excluded ideas that they may have been bouncing off the Moon, or inner Van Allen belt, or that they might have been somehow stored and reflected from layers of ionised gas.
Fermi’s Paradox: A Real Howler – Discusses how the Fermi Paradox isn’t a airtight as some would say, and touches upon how we haven’t explored enough of the Earth, let alone the solar system, to say that there are no ancient probes waiting for us.
Extraterrestrial Intelligence in the Solar System: Resolving the Fermi Paradox – Further discussion on possible alien artifacts within our solar system.
Secret’s Of the 1957 Sputnik Launch Pravda also published a description of Sputnik’s orbit to help people watch it pass. The article failed to mention that the light seen moving across the sky was the spent booster rocket’s second stage, which was in roughly same orbit, Chertok said. The tiny orbiter was invisible to the naked eye.
Black Monolith
Extraterrestrial Monolith In Space Apollo X Gets Glimpse Of An Extraterrestrial Monolith In Space; Later A Secret Military Space Shuttle Retrieves the Space Beacon. by Richard Boylan, Ph.D.
Apollo 10 & Alien Space Ship
Where’s the Monolith? – CNN News Online December 27, 2000

Originally posted by NGC2736 A Member of ATS Post ID 3364357
Reply to post by SuicideVirus

I do kind of like that idea, though. That a few people in the world are selected (or are predisposed) to receive some cool super advanced knowledge from a large library located somewhere out there. Aldeberan, I guess. Hopefully it hits somebody smart enough to know what to do with it. Otherwise, I could see where it might drive somebody nuts.

As an odd sort of tie in, when one looks at history, you find that people in diverse locations are working towards finding an answer to the same problem, sometimes on the same track of thought.

When one steps back from the actual discoveries, it’s almost like a classroom setting where a “teacher” asks a question, with a hint towards the answer, and the brighter students start working on the problem.

And the “spark” in different locals seems not to be just one of technical discoveries in the sense of inventions of a mechanical nature. There is no way to be sure, but there seems to have been separate, yet nearly identical, timelines for the invention of writing, basic math, fire, burial of the dead, and such things.

Now I know that sometimes these events were “discovered” separately by region on a time frame that would have allowed the migration of the idea from one culture to another, and so it might have been. But that would mean that such diverse cultures as those in Mexico, building pyramids,were in some way influenced by the architecture from somewhere like Egypt. And that is argued to have not been possible either.

As an example, around 650 AD the use of the placeholder/number “0” came into widespread use. This was the same time frame as the Mayan people of Central America, who also used the concept of “0”. Now without some contact between the two cultures, which mainstream science says did not happen, then it is odd that the “0” would appear to both cultures at that point in history when both had gotten on well enough without it for such a long time.

Now before anyone rubs my face in the fact that there are explanations and shadings to the times involved, please remember that I am just pointing out an overview that cultures of wide diversity seem to come to the same end conclusion at ABOUT the same time in history, and that at first blush it seems odd that it would be so.

However, a “teacher in the sky” that struck people with a thought or idea would reasonably explain this away. It just struck more than one person at more than one location.

Do I think that this is what has happened in our past? No, I do not. BUT, I also don’t have a better theory either. Such are the mysteries of the past. So it leaves one to wonder.

Pegasus Addition: The discovery of the Liquid Fuel Rocket at almost the same time by A Russian (Konstantin E. Tsiolkovsky), a German (Dr. Hermann Oberth) and an American (Dr. Robert H. Goddard). These three nations became the rocket super powers…

Originally posted by timb3r A Member of ATS Post ID 3364229
I found a very interesting document which ties in with the time line of the original story.


Page 19 states:

“The cause was a rather unusual incident in the spring of 1960 which apparently gave the antisatellite proponents stronger justification for their arguments. The discovery of an “unknown satellite” by US tracking facilities forced White House officials to allow the further development of an inspection variant of the US Air Force’s Satellite Interceptor (SAINT) program.”

“The work on SAINT had begun some years earlier before the unknown satellite was discovered. As early as 1956 Air Research and Development Command (ARDC) had begun a study of defensive measures against hostile satellites. In 1958 the ARPA had assumed responsibility for the task but ARDC remained as the project’s supervisor. Both ARDC and ARPA as well as others had surmised that, with the rapidly advancing technology of the time a threat in the form of Soviet “bombs in orbit” was possible in the 1960’s”

Ok so obviously there was distinct paranoia about the Russians at the time and most certainly after the launch of Sputnik, but still it’s interesting that they use the terminology “unknown satellite”

Probably nothing, but still adds fuel to the fire so to speak.

Black Knight Satellite
1927 Encounter

Space Probe from Epsilon Boötes

Epsilon Boötes Star Chart
by David Simons 1992
What if we succeeded in 2 way communication with an intelligence outside our planet, and no one noticed? What if THEY heard our call and responded but we just couldn’t grasp their language?

That’s exactly what happened as early as 1928 in Eindhoven Holland and again in 1929 aboard a French research vessel in the South China Sea. After transmitting over the radio waves 3 sounds in rapid succession every 30 seconds, Van der Pol in Eindhoven examined the return echoes. They were not as neatly spaced as he had sent. In fact they were highly irregular, ranging from 1 to 30 seconds in delay time.

At the time, the discrepancies were explained as fluxuations in the ionosphere, or magnetic disturbances. But the pitch or frequency of the sounds did not change – only the spacing of the echoes.

It wasn’t until the 1970’s that this mystery was carefully examined and decifered by Duncan Lunan, a scientist from Scotland. He plotted a vertical axis of the transmitted pulse sequence with a horizontal axis of echo delay time. The result ? A picture of the constellation Boötis as it would look 15,000 years ago.

But that’s not all. There was a message hidden in the dots on his graph. Lunan was able to translate into simple English the meaning of these echo delay discrepencies, proving perhaps that they are a purposeful manipulation directed by a highly intelligent ‘other’ .

The message is as follows:


The only possible conclusions we can draw from this are:

1) Duncan Lunan is a highly imaginative con artist (in fact he has published science fiction stories before)

2) Prof. Lunan interpreted the graph incorrectly and his extrapolations are more speculative

3) An advanced civilization in the vicinity of Arcturus (Hokulea, the guiding star of Hawaiian mythology) sent an unmanned satellite probe to monitor Earth 15,000 years ago, to be activated by radio waves when Humans reached that technological point in their evolution. A dialogue could then have been established, and we might have gained much more than the misunderstood reference greeting.

After publication in the Journal of the British Interpanetary Society (complete with disclaimer from the editors) and a few newspaper articles in the U.S. on this ‘far out’ scientist, the matter was dropped and no further investigation was undertaken.

Could a musical score be made from graphs of this fascinating interstellar communique`? Is the plotting in 2 dimentions of 4 dimensional space an excellent way for different intelligent species to communicate?

– David Simons 1992

SOURCE: Anomalies Network

About “ghost echoes” and the “Radio Flying Saucer” effect

Letter to Duncan A Lunan

About “ghost echoes” and the “Radio Flying Saucer” effect
by Volker Grassman

The mystery of long delayed radio echoes (LDE) baffles radio amateurs and scientific experts for many decades. You may find qualitative interpretations in the literature but no quantitative model is yet available capable to explain the phenomenon with scientific conviction. The so-called ‘multiple-tone effect’ misguides VHF radio amateurs by giving the illusion of an Aurora band opening … but there is none. Contrary to LDEs, the multi-tone finds a simple explanation because it is caused by radiowaves reflected by airplanes crossing the antenna beam which results in heavily distorted radio signals similar to the audio pitch which is well known in Aurora backscatter QSOs.

Long-delayed radio echoes (LDE) are defined as radio echoes received 1 to 40 seconds after transmission. LDE are mainly reported on HF but radio amateurs also report LDE on EME circuits in 432 as well as 1296 MHz. I was a teenaged SWL (many years ago, actually) when I heard about this mysterious radio echoes the very first time. In that book, Duncan Lunan, professor of the Scottish Association for Technology and Research was referenced with his idea of an alien radio repeater, i.e. he interpreted LDE by an extraterrestrial space probe travelling in our solar system for more than 30.000 years. I wasn’t very much impressed about this idea but my interest was nevertheless attracted by this strange radio propagation phenomenon.

I therefore decided to contact Prof. Lunan but my letter returned several months later. The Scottish mail obviously tried very hard to identify this professor, without any success though and I was convinced the whole story is nothing else than a fake. One or two years later I was surprised by finding another article also featuring this long-delayed radio echoes – and this was a serious article, apparently, which finally referenced the JGR, i.e. the Journal of Geophysical Research. At that time I had no idea what the JGR is (it is in fact one of leading scientific journals in geophysical research) – and even the bookstore in my little hometown couldn’t figure out where and how to get that document. Thus, I was facing another dead end and I finally gave up further investigation.

The situation changed at university because you cannot deal with ionospheric research without knowing this excellent scientific journal. And I indeed discovered that article in the library and I was speechless: Long-delayed radio echoes are discussed by serious scientists – in terms of a real geophysical phenomenon rather than in terms of alien space probes. In recent years, I compiled a hugh amount of scientific literature on this phenomenon including this review article from Muldrew which was published in JGR in 1979. He discussed all aspects of long-delayed radio echoes even far-fetched ideas and, believe it or not, he mentioned Duncan Lunan in that scientific paper. I was pretty much baffled to learn that Mr. Lunan is a real character being referenced in a scientific journal. However, in that article Mr. Lunan wasn’t introduced as a professor in research and technology but was introduced as … a science fiction author. From my perspective, long-delayed radio echoes is a curiosity – in all aspects.






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